Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua
May 15, 2017 Editor 0
This paper characterizes dairy production systems in India, Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, and describes the genetic and breeding technologies that hold promise for the advancement of global development goals.
In all the countries, a large number of smallholder farmers operating mixed crop–livestock production systems play a significant role in dairy production. In Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, milk is predominantly produced by cattle of genotypes that differ both across countries and among production systems within the same country. In India, buffaloes contribute to a larger proportion of the national milk than cattle.
Information on productivity per animal and on optimal genotypes to utilize within the smallholder production systems of all the countries is however limited. Crossbreeding and artificial insemination were identified as the most widely utilized breeding and reproductive technologies. Only in Kenya is there a national organization conducting livestock recording and monitoring productivity, however, the proportion of the dairy cattle population enrolled in the recording system is small (<2.5 percent). In all the countries, enhanced and adequately planned use of breeding and reproductive technologies, complemented with the relevant infrastructure, is needed to sustainably increase dairy productivity. The capacities of actors in the dairy value chain need to be developed in order to properly implement and manage improvements.
Ojango, J.M.K., Wasike, C.B., Enahoro, D.K. and Okeyo, A.M. 2016. Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua. Animal Genetic Resources 59:81-95. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633616000096
Filed under: Animal Breeding, Cattle, Central America, CGIAR, Dairying, East Africa, Genetics, ILRI, India, Indigenous breeds, Kenya, LiveGene, Livestock, LIVESTOCK-CRP, LIVESTOCK-FISH, Nicaragua, Research, South Asia, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains
Go to Source
- Biotech centre in Ghana to spearhead root, tuber research
- Stellenbosch engineering students showcase talents with mobile palletising solution
- Does the design and implementation of proven innovations for delivering basic primary health care services in rural communities fit the urban setting: the case of Ghana’s Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS).
- Perspectives on the role of stakeholders in knowledge translation in health policy development in Uganda.
- Africa’s informal economy can boost innovation
- Congo-Brazzaville: Mobile Software Used to Save Forests
Start-up from scratch? How entrepreneurship can generate sustainable development and inclusion in the Sahel Industry environment features influencing construction innovation in a developing country: a case study of four projects in Ghana
Subscribe to our stories
- SL Crowd Green Solutions September 21, 2020
- Digital transformation in the banking sector: surveys exploration and analytics August 3, 2020
- Why Let Others Disrupt You? Take the Smart Self-Disruption Journey! August 3, 2020
- 5 Tips for Crowdfunding During the Pandemic August 3, 2020
- innovation + africa; +639 new citations August 3, 2020