Comparison of different poultry breeds under station and on-farm conditions in Ethiopia
June 10, 2016 Editor 0
A selective breeding program was implemented to improve the performance of indigenous chickens in Ethiopia. Improved chicken from the 7th generation were compared with commercial layer, crossbred and unselected indigenous chickens both on-station and on-farm.
A total of 870 chickens were used. More than 600 chickens (n=150 and n=120 from each breed during growing and laying period respectively) arranged in completely randomized design were followed on-station, and 270 (90 from commercial, crossbred and improved during laying period) were evaluated on-farm in Ada (n=6 farms) and Horro (n=9 farms) districts in a split-plot design.
Body weight, cumulative feed intake, and survival were recorded while feed conversion ratio was calculated at week 8, 12, 16 and 20 during the growing period on-station. Age at first egg and total egg number during lifetime were recorded once.
Survival and hen housed egg production were recorded at month 3, 6, 9 and 12 of age both on-station and on-farm. Egg weight, and feed per egg were recorded and used to calculate feed conversion ratio during the laying period on-station.
Significant effect of breed (P<0.001) and interaction with time (P<0.001) was observed for traits measured on-station during the growing and laying period. Similarly significant effect of breed, village and breed-village interactions were observed on-farm (P<0.001).
Improved indigenous chickens had higher performance than indigenous chickens for all traits measured on station (P<0.05). 10 farmers out of 16 in the Ada district and 7 out of 16 in the Horro district dropped out after month 3 at different times either due to high chicken mortality or reduced motivation of the farmer. Improved chickens have been genetically improved as compared to unimproved, but their performance is still low compared to commercial chickens.
View the article (not open access):
Wondmeneh, E., Waaij, E.H Van der, Udo, H.M.J., Dessie, T. and Arendonk, J.A.M Van. 2016. Comparison of different poultry breeds under station and on-farm conditions in Ethiopia. Livestock Science 183:72–77.. htt://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2015.11.019
- Towards coenurosis control: Practical training on dogs faecal examination techniques in Ethiopia
- Community gender profiles help target small ruminant value chain interventions in Ethiopia
- Small-scale mechanization advancing farming systems to improve food, nutrition, and income security in Ethiopia
- Advancing the gender agenda in small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia
- W/Video Via ViewChange, Oxfam: This World Food Day, Making it Africa’s Last Famine
- African Dairy Genetic Gains Program: Innovative private-public partnership for sustainable dairy productivity in Ethiopia and Tanzania
Subscribe to our stories
- In pictures: the 2019 Africa RISING Tanzania monitoring visit August 30, 2019
- Active Internationalization of Software Enterprises: Scale Development and Validation August 30, 2019
- The Manager’s Guide to Leveraging Disruption August 30, 2019
- Key take-aways from a recent Africa RISING exchange visit in Ghana August 30, 2019
- Device that recycles vaporized water from power plants wins MIT $100K May 28, 2019