What Are ICT Students Learning in the Classroom?
June 16, 2014 Editor 0
My name is Anndriene Bell, and I am a proud participant in the Illinois Institute of Technology’s most recent Information and Communication Technology (ICT) endeavor. Over the past few years, Professor Laura Hosman has been leading student teams in addressing the challenges facing off-grid schools that want to harness ICTs to improve educational opportunities for local students. Bridging together their hard work, skills, and efforts, the student teams successfully developed the SolarCubed ICT Lab, which is a portable solar computer lab in a box that can be conveniently transported to developing schools in need of technology.
SolarCubed was initially deployed to a school in the island state of Chuuk, in the Federated States of Micronesia in 2012. Chuuk is one of four states that comprise the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The FSM consists of approximately 607 total islands strewn about the Western Pacific that maintain an average temperature of around 87 degrees Fahrenheit year round. Chuuk is the most populous of the states and is home to 11 main lagoon islands and 14 surrounding atolls and lower islands. There is a very high population of youth on these islands.
After the first SolarCubed deployment, it was discovered that the technology was not being used in the school in Chuuk as hoped. I recently took the IIT course “Field Methods” where the class, led by Dr. Hosman, worked on trying to address certain issues contributing to the lack of technology use. The main goal of the Field Methods team this semester was to create a technology readiness site survey that would determine a school’s readiness and capacity to make use of the solar-powered computer lab. This baseline survey was made to have a factor of universality so it could be used in many different locations around the world to evaluate existing conditions.
With the leadership of Prof. Hosman and partnership of the Inveneo team, we were given the opportunity to push the envelope on ICT initiatives even further. Inveneo was a huge help when it came to getting this team to think critically from a global point of view. We wanted to facilitate the survey via Android mobile devices, so that it could be administered on-the-go on the most commonly used devices across the developing world.
When our class started in the spring semester of 2014, we learned that simply providing the SolarCubed ICT Lab to less privileged schools was not an effective method to helping them take advantage of this technology efficiently. As a class, our main challenge was figuring out the best way to know which schools could be considered “ready” to make use of the technology, in terms of both the infrastructure and the human side of things, while not being able to travel to Chuuk ourselves.
The class was tasked with creating a technology readiness site survey designed to capture the attitudes of school administrators and teachers towards ICT and the school’s capability of sustaining it. Our survey would be administered on a mobile device (for ease of use by the survey administrator), and our local partners in Chuuk would be the ones carrying out the survey. Although connectivity would not be a necessity while the survey enumerators were administering the survey, they would eventually upload the survey data to us back in Chicago. We planned to assess the factors we deemed important in terms of schools being able to take advantage of computer-related technology.
Our survey-making process included:
- Forming suitable questions that would be easy to comprehend in different regions of the world and would help reveal needs, capabilities, and interest in ICT.
- Assessing existing open-source software options for creating and administering surveys on mobile devices. Our class chose to use ODK (Open Data Kit) Collect as our main survey software, along with FormHub for creating the survey spreadsheet.
- Administering the survey to multiple test groups, in Chicago and abroad, to help filter out any questions that seemed to be unnecessary or confusing.
Our class’ local partner on the ground in Chuuk was the team at iSolutions, a computer networking and consulting business located on the main island of Weno, which is the capital of Chuuk. This team was lead by TR Mori, whom our professor originally met while working in Chuuk, Micronesia. iSolutions also runs the only Internet cafe in Chuuk.
To help us with this project, the iSolutions team administered the survey on the ground in Chuuk. This required us to introduce and train the iSolutions team members on how to use “ODK Collect,” the mobile technology platform we chose to administer our survey, as well as to familiarize them with both the questions and the overall goals of our survey.
Ultimately, our partners collected data from six schools. Unfortunately, all of these schools were on the main island, and were not the intended targets for our survey. We were hoping to assess which outer-island schools would be good candidates to receive technology in the future–specifically, the SolarCubed ICT Labs. Each of the main-island schools that was surveyed already had access to both electricity and ICT. Nonetheless, we did have data and could begin analyzing it to determine whether the assessment tools we had created would be useful.
We analyzed the data by breaking down the portions of our survey into four key attributes that determined overall readiness. The four key attributes included:
- Potential Impact of the Technology
- Experience with Technology
- Attitude Towards Technology
From this point, questions from the survey were grouped based upon their relation to each attribute, and the answers were evaluated to determine readiness.
We were surprised to have received data from schools that already had access to technology, but this underscored a point that Prof. Hosman emphasized throughout the semester: the human side of technology initiatives is always the most complicated and challenging. Nonetheless, we are confident that with time (and relevant data), our site survey does have the ability to promote accuracy and increase successful efforts to assess the readiness of schools around the world for ICT initiatives, due to its global clarity and effectiveness in assessing global technological needs.
If you would like more information on our project or SolarCubed hubs, please visit www.solarcubed.org to keep up with our progress. Additionally, online versions of our surveys have been uploaded to FormHub and may be found here:
To read the class’ full report, “Field Methods: Creating a Technology Readiness Site Survey,” click here.
You can reach Anndriene Bell by email.
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