Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua
May 15, 2017 Editor 0
This paper characterizes dairy production systems in India, Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, and describes the genetic and breeding technologies that hold promise for the advancement of global development goals.
In all the countries, a large number of smallholder farmers operating mixed crop–livestock production systems play a significant role in dairy production. In Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, milk is predominantly produced by cattle of genotypes that differ both across countries and among production systems within the same country. In India, buffaloes contribute to a larger proportion of the national milk than cattle.
Information on productivity per animal and on optimal genotypes to utilize within the smallholder production systems of all the countries is however limited. Crossbreeding and artificial insemination were identified as the most widely utilized breeding and reproductive technologies. Only in Kenya is there a national organization conducting livestock recording and monitoring productivity, however, the proportion of the dairy cattle population enrolled in the recording system is small (<2.5 percent). In all the countries, enhanced and adequately planned use of breeding and reproductive technologies, complemented with the relevant infrastructure, is needed to sustainably increase dairy productivity. The capacities of actors in the dairy value chain need to be developed in order to properly implement and manage improvements.
Ojango, J.M.K., Wasike, C.B., Enahoro, D.K. and Okeyo, A.M. 2016. Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua. Animal Genetic Resources 59:81-95. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633616000096
Filed under: Animal Breeding, Cattle, Central America, CGIAR, Dairying, East Africa, Genetics, ILRI, India, Indigenous breeds, Kenya, LiveGene, Livestock, LIVESTOCK-CRP, LIVESTOCK-FISH, Nicaragua, Research, South Asia, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains
Go to Source
- Partnerships pay off for Uganda value chain project
- Filling up the milk can: Dairy farmers gain from using mobile phones to record yields
- ILRI review assesses dairy development successes and failures in Tanzania
- Agro-pastoralist cattle keepers in Tanzania to benefit as dairy processor agrees to buy their milk
- African Dairy Genetic Gains Program: Innovative private-public partnership for sustainable dairy productivity in Ethiopia and Tanzania
- Value chain development entry points for Tanzania’s dairy sector
Start-up from scratch? How entrepreneurship can generate sustainable development and inclusion in the Sahel Industry environment features influencing construction innovation in a developing country: a case study of four projects in Ghana
Subscribe to our stories
- Key lessons for policymakers from China’s financial inclusion experience April 24, 2018
- Can blockchain disrupt gender inequality? April 24, 2018
- Business incubation a means for effective business development April 24, 2018
- A network approach to growing green entrepreneurship April 24, 2018
- What sustainable intensification of mixed farming systems looks like in Ethiopia–case of the Africa RISING project April 24, 2018